How does “varicose veins” happen? How dangerous is it?

Browse By

How does “varicose veins” happen? How dangerous is it?

Varicose veins, in addition to making the part look unattractive. It can also cause other dangerous side effects, such as swollen legs, cramps, beriberi, or a rash in the area. Therefore, it must be treated quickly, do not leave it. 

What is varicose veins?

Dr. Panthita Iamsupanimit, M.D. Department of Surgery Chulalongkorn Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, stated in the list of items attached to Chulalongkorn University. That are caused by venous veins. (mainly in the veins of the legs) with abnormal blood flow.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Krittaya Krittayakirana Department of Surgery Chulalongkorn Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society states that found throughout the body. But generally speaking about varicose veins in the legs. From patients in Chulalongkorn Hospital, it was found that more than 70% of varicose vein patients were female. The risk factor is getting older. 

Causes of varicose veins

Risk factors that can cause varicose veins are:

  1. Being a woman is more at risk of developing varicose veins than men.
  2. very old
  3. weight over standard
  4. work that requires long standing


Symptoms of in the early stages that make patients go to see a doctor at the hospital are

  • Leg pain, found in about 50%
  • Swollen legs found in 30%
  • Obvious were found. Therefore came to check another 30%

Dr. Panthita Iamsupanimit stated that there are many levels of symptoms.

  • Veins that look like nets, spider webs, or just swollen legs
  • blood vessels expand more until it was clear that it was Is larger than 4 millimeters or more, or clearly sees the curl or bulge of the veins when standing
  • If there are more symptoms The skin on the legs near the ankles is found to be darker until it is almost black. harden skin
  • if symptoms get worse The blackened skin may have wounds that occur on their own. and refused to recover by itself
  • There were also other symptoms such as swollen legs, cramps in the legs at night, walking a lot and having pain in the legs. especially in the evening

How to check for varicose veins

Your doctor may make a general diagnosis to determine if your symptoms are related to other underlying conditions. If not available, the doctor will perform an ultrasound on the area suspected to be varicose veins. Once confirmed that the patient actually has varicose veins Treatment methods will vary according to the severity of the disease. This ranges from wearing stockings specifically designed to treat varicose veins, injecting drugs, and taking medicine if the wound or leg starts to turn black. surgery may be considered

There are two types of surgery available:

  1. Standard incision surgery
  2. Minimally painful surgery both using laser RFA heat waves or glue may be used to help the blood vessels return to normal circulation.

How to reduce the risk of varicose veins

Although we cannot prevent 100%, we can reduce the risk as follows:

  1. exercise regularly Especially exercises that make leg muscles stronger, such as brisk walking, running, cycling, aerobics, etc.
  2. Reduce the weight to the weight within the standard.
  3. Shouldn’t stand still for a long time, should move the body. or sit and rest during the day
  4. Eat foods that are high in fiber, such as fruits and vegetables.
  5. reduce salt intake to reduce swelling
  6. Avoid wearing high heels or tight socks or stockings for a long time.

If there is any suspected varicose veins Can be examined with a doctor at the Phor Por Ror Building, 6th floor, Vascular Surgery Clinic every Wednesday from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Chulalongkorn Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, Tel. 02-256-4000 or at a hospital near your home. Report from ufabet